(Taken and adapted from the History and Social Science Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence: Virginia Studies, p. 115)
By the end of this lesson the students should know -
· The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major clash of the Civil War.
· Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson played a major role in the Battle of Bull Run
· General Robert E. Lee, Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, defeated Union troops at Fredericksburg, Virginia
· Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy. It fell to General Ulysses S. Grant and was burned near the end of the war.
· President Abraham Lincoln used the Union navy to blockade southern ports. An important sea battle between the Monitor (Union) and the Merrimack (Confederacy), two ironclad ships, took place in Virginia waters near Norfolk and Hampton. The battle was fought to a draw.
· The Civil War ended at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S. grant in April 1865
· Virginia played a major role in the war because both sides' capital cities were located in Virginia, and a major war strategy is to capture the enemy's capital.
By the end of this lesson the students will understand that -
· Causes can have multiple effects
· Effects can have multiple causes
· The location of the Union and Confederate capitals within the state of Virginia caused Virginia to be an important battle location in the Civil War
· The results of Virginia's major battles affected the conclusion of the war
By the end of this lesson the students will be able to -
· Identify the names, locations, causes, events, and results of the following Virginia battles:
-The First Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas)
-Monitor vs. Merrimack
-Surrender at Appomattox Court House
-Locate the major Virginia battle's cities on a map of Virginia
-Sequence the major Virginia battles in chronological order
-Synthesize all of this information and explain what Virginia's role in the Civil War was