Food Chain


Welcome to Kiddies Learning center created by Kyiesha Waugh. This website is designed to introduce and engage students about the process in which energy is passed through the food chain and explain how a food chain is constructed.

Well I do hope you continue viewing to learn about the amazing way energy is passed through the food chain  !!!


Your task for this lesson are the following:

1. Learn how to define the terms food chain and food web .

2. Learn the roles of the producer and consumers in a food web.

3.Learn the different categories of consumers (Carnivores, Omnivores and Herbivores)

4.Learn how to explain the Food Chain process.



Before we start our lesson I would like for us to watch this amazing video about the food chain.

Every living plant and animal must have energy to survive. Plants rely on the soil, water, and the sun for energy. Animals rely on plants as well as other animals for energy.

In an ecosystem, plants and animals all rely on each other to live. Scientists sometimes describe this dependence using a food chain or a food web.

Food Chain

A food chain describes how different organisms eat each other, starting out with a plant and ending with an animal. For example, you could write the food chain for a lion like this:

grass ---> zebra ---> lion

The lion eats the zebra, which eats the grass. Here is another example in picture form:

Food chain picture example

The grasshopper eats grass, the frog eats the grasshopper, the snake eats the frog, and the eagle eats the snake.

Links of the Chain

There are names to help describe each link of the food chain. The names depend mostly on what the organism eats and how it contributes to the energy of the ecosystem.

  • Producers - Plants are producers. This is because they produce energy for the ecosystem. They do this because they absorb energy from sunlight through photosynthesis . They also need water and nutrients from the soil, but plants are the only place where new energy is made.
  • Consumers - Animals are consumers. This is because they don't produce energy, they just use it up. Animals that eat plants are called primary consumers or herbivores. Animals that eat other animals are called secondary consumers or carnivores. If a carnivore eats another carnivore, it is called a tertiary consumer. Some animals play both roles, eating both plants and animals. They are called omnivores.

(B) Complete the worksheet below.

Food Webs and Food Chains Worksheet 1

Look at this food chain. lettuce-------> greenfly-------> ladybird---------> thrush----------> cat

1. What does the arrow mean in a food chain?____________

2. Name the producer in the food chain? _______________

3. Name the tertiary consumer in the food chain? ______________

4. What is the ultimate source of energy that drives the food chain? ________

5. Name the Herbivore in the food chain? ____________________

6. Name the Omnivore in the food chain? ________________

(B) In your notebooks write a short reflection about the topic The Food Chain, you must tell what you have learnt. 



In a short summary

A food chain can be found in the ecosystem. The Ecosystem in a community that host a lot of organisms. a food chain is the passage of energy from one organism to another by eating. In the food chain there are producers and consumers. The Producer is the organism that makes its own food and the Consumers feed from the Producers. Consumers are Animals and they can be either Herbivore, Carnivore and Omnivore. A Herbivore only eats plants, a Carnivore only eat meats and a Omnivore eats both meat and plants. An example of a Herbivore is a caterpillar while an example of a carnivore is a Lion and Humans are a perfect example of a Omnivore. Remember Guys its the plants make the food and the consumers feed from it and then feed from each other.


Ecosystem. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Food Chain. (n.d.). Retrieved from

(n.d.). Retrieved from

Your Dictionary. (2019, March 16). Examples of Food Chains. Retrieved from

Teacher Page

Grade: Five

Term: Three

Unit: One

Focus Question: How do Plants and Animals Interact?

Topic: Food Chain

Attainment target:

  • Recognize that plants are the ultimate food source for all living things .


a. Cognitive Objective- The student will be able to build on prior knowledge from the topic Living Things to how energy is passed through the ecosystem.
b. Affective Objective- The student will be able to share their feelings about the Food Chain in a reflective composition in their notebooks.
c. Psychomotor Objective- The student will be able to draw and a label a food Chain .

The following are the lesson objectives used to create this web quest:

At the end of this lesson students should be able to: 

  • Define the Term Food Chain.
  • Explain the differences between Producers and Consumers
  • List at least three producers and at least three consumers .
  • State the role of Herbivores, Carnivores and Omnivores while giving examples.
  • Draw and Label a Food chain