WWI - Treaty of Versailles 1919

Introduction

Signed on June 28th 1919 as an end to the First World War, The Treaty of Versailles was supposed to ensure a lasting peace by punishing Germany and setting up a League of Nations to solve diplomatic problems. Instead it left a legacy of political and geographical difficulties which have often been blamed, sometime solely, for starting the Second World War.

The Treaty of Versailles was a controversial document created for peace but caused much conflict instead. Germany was forced to sign the War Guilt Clause making them responsible for the entire war. The United States wanted to create a right and just peace while Britain and France wanted to punish Germany. There were many compromises made before the final treaty was written and then Germany was forced to sign the treaty under their new democratic-republic government.

Task

The Big Three (Great Britain, United States & France) could not agree on how they should approach peace while Germany got no say at all. For this WebQuest, four partners will examine the Treaty of Versailles from the perspective of the four main parties involved: Great Britain, France, United States and Germany. After completing a facts worksheet, you will then be able to create a propaganda poster inspiring the people of your country to be for or against the treaty.

Process

 Directions: Each group member must choose a country that they will represent during this lesson. Part A - Once the countries are chosen, you may begin by following the links on the provided worksheet and proceed to fill out the information. Each person will only only fill out the information for their country's section. Part B - Once the worksheet has been finished by all group members, each member will create a proganda poster to influence their country's people to be for or against the Treaty of Versailles. Every group member must complete Part B.

Treaty of Versailles WebQuest 

Part A

British Perspective

Go to:  Click here to learn about each country's perspective on WWI

  1. How many British soldiers were killed? ______________________________________________
  2. How many British soldiers were wounded? ___________________________________________
  3. Which “Big Three” leader represented Great Britain? ___________________________________
  4. How did he gain support to become elected? _________________________________________
  5. Privately, how did he believe Germany should be treated and why? _______________________

French Perspective

  1. How many French soldiers were killed? ______________________________________________
  2. How many French soldiers were wounded? ___________________________________________
  3. Which “Big Three” leader represented France? ________________________________________
  4. What was his main goal for peace? __________________________________________________
  5. Privately, how did he really feel about how Germany should be treated and how did his beliefs match up with the French people? __________________________________________________

American Perspective

  1. How many American soldiers were killed? ____________________________________________
  2. How many American soldiers were wounded? ________________________________________
  3. Which “Big Three” leader represented the United States? _______________________________
  4. What were his thoughts about WWI? ________________________________________________
  5. Where did he believe the U.S. fit in the decision-making process and were the American people on his side? ____________________________________________________________________

 German Perspective

  1. How many German soldiers were killed? _____________________________________________
  2. How many German soldiers were wounded? __________________________________________
  3. Where did Germany believe it fit within the treaty-making process? _______________________
  4. How did the German people feel about the treaty and why did they feel this way? ___________
  5. Where did the German people place the blame for the entire war and the treaty? ____________

 

Terms of the Treaty of Versailles

Click here to look at the terms of the treaty.

List the parts of the treaty that benefited Great Britain either directly or indirectly. Explain how each term would benefit Great Britain.

1)      ________________________________________________________________________

2)      ________________________________________________________________________

3)      ________________________________________________________________________

List the parts of the treaty that benefited France either directly or indirectly. Explain how each term would benefit France.

1)      ________________________________________________________________________

2)      ________________________________________________________________________

3)      ________________________________________________________________________

List parts of the treaty that benefited the United States either directly or indirectly. Explain how each term would benefit the U.S

1)      ________________________________________________________________________

2)      ________________________________________________________________________

3)      ________________________________________________________________________

List the parts of the treaty that may have angered the German people the most. Explain why the Germans would be angry about each term.

1)      ________________________________________________________________________

2)      ________________________________________________________________________

3)      ________________________________________________________________________

Part B

Propaganda is ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause. Propaganda is used to today in advertising to try to pursuade the public to buy certain products or believe certain ideas. WWI propaganda was used to inspire a country's citizens to support the war or join up and fight. Click here to examine WWI propaganda posters.

Choose three WWI propaganda posters and answer the following questions.

1) What is the title of the poster.  ____________________________________________________________________________

2) What is the poster trying to pursuade the people to do? ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3) How do you know this? ____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4) What is the title of the poster.  ____________________________________________________________________________

5) What is the poster trying to pursuade the people to do? ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6) How do you know this? ____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7) What is the title of the poster.  ____________________________________________________________________________

8) What is the poster trying to pursuade the people to do? ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9) How do you know this? ____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Now each group member will create a poster that will inspire the people of his/her country to either support the terms of the treaty or rise up and protest the terms of the treaty. The stance you will take will be based on the research you completed during Part A. Part B has shown you how to make propaganda posters. Now you will put this knowledge together and create your own poster! Be creative, be witty, use color and have fun! 

Evaluation
CATEGORY 4 3 2 1
Required Elements The poster includes all required elements as well as additional information. All required elements are included on the poster. All but 1 of the required elements are included on the poster. Several required elements were missing.
Attractiveness The poster is exceptionally attractive in terms of design, layout, and neatness. The poster is attractive in terms of design, layout and neatness. The poster is acceptably attractive though it may be a bit messy. The poster is distractingly messy or very poorly designed. It is not attractive.
Propaganda Techniques/Knowledge Gained Student accurately proves an understanding of propaganda while displaying extensive knowledge gained from examining the Treaty of Versailles. Student proves an understanding of propaganda while displaying  knowledge gained from examining the Treaty of Versailles. Student proves some understanding of propaganda while displaying some knowledge gained from examining the Treaty of Versailles. Student does not understand propaganda techniques and appears to have insufficient knowledge about the Treaty of Versailles.

http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php

Conclusion

Congratulations, you just have completed the WWI - Treaty of Versailles WebQuest! You have gained a great understanding of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and how it affected each of the involved countries. Also, you were able to take another look at propaganda techniques and utilize these in order to influence the people of "your country" by creating a propaganda poster of your own.

Credits

Author Biography

My name is Tiffany Pope and I teach multiple high school history subjects. I love teaching and I truly believe this is the absolute best job in the world!