The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a programme of goals for the future for an overall improvement of life on the planet; it was signed by governors from 193 countries and approved by the UN General Assembly. There are 17 goals in all: 1. No poverty, 2. No hunger, 3. Health and well-being, 4. Quality education, 5. Gender equality, 6. Clean water and sanitation, 7. Clean and affordable energy, 8. Business, innovation and infrastructure, 10. Reducing inequalities, 11. Sustainable cities and communities, 12. Responsible consumption and production, 13. Fighting climate change, 14. Life under water, 15. Life on earth, 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions, 17. Partnership for the goals.
My choice falls on the first 'Goal', i.e. 'Eradicate Poverty' (No Poverty), which aims to eradicate poverty in all its forms and ensure a dignified life for every human being.
Express the forms of poverty, the main causes and what can be done to remedy them.
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Despite increasing prosperity in the global world, poverty still persist.
Since 1990, levels of extreme poverty have been reduced thanks to increasing awareness in various parts of the world, but there are still people in the world who suffer from poverty, be it absolute or relative. Absolute poverty' refers to conditions on the edge of survival, while 'relative poverty' refers to conditions that are 'relative' to the standard in a given area of the world. Some 836 million people are estimated to be in absolute poverty, i.e. on less than 1.25 dollar daily, and they are concentrated in parts of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Even in some industrialised countries there are poor people, such as in the United States of America.
The main causes of such poverty levels are:
- conflicts between two or more states, declared and undeclared, and civil wars;
- climate change;
- discrimination based on gender, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, disability;
- misdistribution of natural resources;
- exploitation of areas by industrialised countries;
The remedies that can be realised to eradicate poverty are:
- activate social protection instruments for all, starting with the most fragile;
- finding peaceful resolutions to wars;
- equitable distribution of natural resources;
- eliminating discrimination of all kinds;
- promoting people's sensitivity.
With the cooperation of all, individuals and governments, we can defeat the underlying causes of poverty.
“Poverty is the worst form of violence.”