Submitted by: LORD JERICHO B. MANAOG
Submitted to: ANABELL SOLLANO
The identification the Names and Uses OF Tools Games:
The game involves creating flashcards with pictures of various tools and the student identify the tool and explain its uses.
Basic hand tools include a set of combination wrenches, a ratchet wrench and set of sockets. It also includes adjustable wrench, a couple of regular and Phillips’s screwdrivers, several pairs of pliers and a few assorted special purpose tools such as an oil filter wrench, a funnel, a small floor jack, a pair of safety stands, a catch pan or bucket for oil and coolant changes, and a tire pressure gauge. You may certainly add more but these are the minimum requirements.
For simple maintenance jobs, you'll need a set of open end/box end wrenches (also called "combination" wrenches). Most late model cars and light trucks have metric fasteners. A set of wrenches ranging in size from 10mm through 19mm should handle all of the nuts and bolts you're likely to encounter.
SOCKET WRENCH SET
A 3/8-inch or 1/2-inch drive socket set and ratchet wrench is also nice addition for your tool collection. A ratchet wrench is much faster at removing most fasteners. Buy a wrench set that has six points rather than 12-point sockets. Six-point sockets are less apt to round off a rusted fastener than a 12-point socket. A couple of extensions and a swivel can increase the set's versatility tremendously.
For a variety of jobs, you will need at least two different sizes of regular (flat tipped) and Phillips (cross-tip) screwdrivers. The cheapest way to buy screwdrivers is usually in a set. A set will often include an assortment of long and short handles which gives you more versatility.
A pair of regular pliers and a pair of long needle-nose pliers are a must for any tool box. A pair of interlocking pliers (often called water pump pliers or Channel Lock pliers) are very useful to own.
Are a must addition to every tool box. These are adjustable locking pliers that can grip almost anything. However, if this tool is misused, you may damage fasteners. Always use wrenches or sockets to remove nuts and bolts. If a fastener has a rounded-off head, then use Vice Grips to twist it loose. Buy the brand name Vice Grips, not the copycat knock-off products.
OTHER HANDS AUTOMOTIVE TOOLS
Essential for every mechanic is a selection of good quality torque-wrenches that range in sizes. Equally, they should be provided with a certificate of calibration included when new. Ideally, you want a 1/4″ size for smaller bolts that are around 0-30nm or so and a 1/2″ for higher torque requirements (such as wheel bolts). A 1/4″ torque wrench shouldn’t be passed upon just because they’re used on smaller nuts and bolts, some are just as important if not more than larger ones. Becoming a better mechanic is all about becoming better at processes, and becoming better at processes means torquing up to factory specifications.
Cable Ties/Zip Ties/Ty-Rap/Panduit Strap
Tap and Dye Set
These allow you to repair, clean or create new threads for nuts and bolts. If you have badly corroded threads, you can use a thread gauge on the bolt to find out which tap or dye to use. If you’re creating a completely new thread hole for bolts, look up a drill-tap size chart to find out which is the best-sized drill to use for that particular Tap.
Slide Hammer Bearing Puller/Remover
A slide hammer is a tool that attaches to an object (such as a bearing) needing to be pulled out or off a shaft and transmits an impact force to the object without striking the object itself. Slide hammers typically consist of a long metal shaft with an attachment point threaded at one end, a heavyweight that can slide along the shaft, and a stop for the weight to impact on the end opposite the attachment point. The inertia of the weight is thus transferred to the shaft, pulling the attached end in the direction the weight had been moving.
Heat Gun or Blow Torch
The uses for these are essentially endless, use either of them is actually for breaking thread lock such as Loctite, before attempting to remove any bolts that look corroded and may be prone to strip the head or snap. Heating the casing around the bolt first also aids in the process, as well as using WD40 beforehand!
Brake Cleaner & WD40
Brake cleaner is simply not just for cleaning brakes and discs, we call it the magical spray as it removals all kinds of gunk. Remember to use gloves when using brake cleaner as it contains chemicals such as Tetrachloroethylene, Acetone, Carbon Dioxide and Heptane. It’s one of the most used consumables in any workshop and that’s because it will remove any form of dirt and grease in a matter of seconds. Be wary however that even a big can of brake cleaner empties rather quickly, so try to use it sparingly. Everybody of all ages will have heard of WD40 by now, it’s named after (Water Displacer 40th Attempt). It stops squeaks, frees bolts and also cleans parts. We also love GT85 as it contains PTFE which protects the application from the elements for quite some time.
Mechanics Gloves (Nitrile and Non-Disposable)
Seriously, who would want dangerous chemicals soaking into their skin and entering their body? Nitrile is the way forward when it comes to gloves as they’re resistant to all kinds of harsh chemicals, latex is simply a no-go. When the weathers cold, we usually end up wearing a pair of nitrile gloves underneath normal nylon/polyester mix mechanic gloves. It also protects you from fluids such as brake cleaner that is bound to drip onto your hands.
A Bag of Rags
If you’ve ever worked on cars and motorbikes, you’ll know how much they’re needed. Of course, old t-shirts will also do the trick, but having dedicated rags that you can wash all together is very handy.
Restoring the condition of parts has never been so satisfying (and less messy) with one of these! They also usually feature a flexible fused lid stand, so in the event of a fire the lid will snap shut and hopefully distinguish it. We also recommend fitting a heating element to aid in cleaning.
Automatic Wire Strippe
A must have if you need to do any form of electrical/soldering work, these self-adjust to any cable size and strip the outer sheath off with ease.
Hook & Pick Set
Most modern vehicles are fitted with electrical connectors that feature a plastic locking tab. By using other tools such as screwdrivers and long nose pliers you can usually end up breaking them, but not with a hook and pick set.
Hose Clamp Pliers
Don’t waste your time with pliers or even mole grips. Of course, the latter is an alternative option that can work for smaller clamps; however, this tool revolutionizes the removal of large sprung-type clamps usually found on radiator and intake hoses. They feature a ratchet mechanism ensuring the handle can’t open again while squeezing them together to open the clamp up.
The Mini-Grease Gun
Perfect for bearings and perfect for almost any greasing process! No more mess and no need for sticking a screwdriver into a pot of grease again.
AUTOMOTIVE DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS
If your Check Engine light is on, you will need a code reader or scan tool to diagnose the problem. The tool plugs into a diagnostic connector that is usually located under the dash near the steering column. The tool displays any fault codes that are causing the Check Engine light to come on. The tool won’t fix your problem, but it will give you an idea of what might be wrong. Further diagnosis is usually necessary to figure out which part needs to be replaced.
FOXWELL NT301 Professional Enhanced OBDII Diagnostic Code Reader
Foxwell has been producing OBDII code readers for over nine years and one of their flagships is the NT301 Professional Code Reader. The Foxwell NT301 Professional Code Reader was designed to help you understand your car’s heart by quickly reading DTC engine codes and giving definitions for the error codes so you can accurately determine the cause of the problem. It also has the capability to erase and reset the codes after you are done with repairs.
To improve the performance and compatibility of code readers, our code readers and our DTM have tested thousands of OBD compatible cars, light-duty trucks and hybrids in the US, Europe, and Australia.
Innova Color Screen with Bluetooth 3160g Code Reader/Scan Tool
It can also reset battery maintenance light and initialization and you can stream and record real-time live data and review them later on your computer or on the screen of the tool itself. Not only does it have enough parameters for live data diagnostic, but it also allows you to record live data as well.
LAUNCH X431 PROS Mini Automotive Diagnostic Tool
BlueDriver Bluetooth Pro OBDII Scan Tool
ANCEL AD310 Classic Enhanced Universal Diagnostic Scan Tool
The Ancel AD310 OBD II Scanner is a simple, easy to use car engine fault code reader from Ancel. It’s available in a classic design, which makes it easy to use. Although it is a basic code reader, it can help you determine the cause of “Check Engine” light, monitor readiness test, view freeze frame data and a lot more
Actron CP9690 Chrome Scan Tools
The Actron CP9690 Scan tool comes with all the necessary connectors and adapters you’ll need to carry out efficient fixes on your vehicle. Not only is it compatible with OBD2 vehicles but also OBD1 vehicles. It has a bigger LCD screen, which makes viewing graphs and reports on it easy.
Compared to the Autel and Innova models, it lacks certain features, but its ability to diagnose OBD1 cars makes it an attractive option for both beginners and experienced mechanics.
Autel AutoLink AL519 Diagnostic Tool Scanner
Autel, one of the world leaders in automotive diagnostics presents the Autel AutoLink AL519 Diagnostic Tool that combines the next generation wireless technology with radically superior processing capabilities. It is powered by a state-of-the-art quad-core processor in a solid-state hard drive, reducing the startup time to only a few seconds, making it faster than other tools available on the market.
AUTOMOTIVE PNEUMATIC TOOLS
In order to utilize air tools, you have to invest in an air compressor – one tool that serves a wide variety of purposes. In general, it supplies power to a number of tools used for automotive works such as sanders, grinders, paint sprayers, ratchets, nail guns and a lot more. The versatility of an air compressor along with its cost-effectiveness makes it an essential whether you are a DIY mechanic or an auto shop owner.
Air drills have a few distinct advantages and one of it is the fact that it can bore holes without overheating. Therefore, it’s suitable even for heavy duty drilling jobs.
An air hammer comes with many useful ends. If you need to free up any stubborn parts, a hammer does just that. Spray a rusted fastener with penetrating oil and slap it with a hammer and watch it tear apart
Air Die Grinder
An air die grinder comes in handy whenever you need to get a honing, sanding or polishing job done. Pair it with different heads and attachments and you transform it into a versatile tool.
Air Cut-Off Tool
This is practically important for any metalwork. When buying an air cutting tool, you should also consider pairing it with a set of different disc-shaped heads that cut through various materials.
Instead of nails, an air stapler shoots staples – saving your hands from the tough job. If your job regularly requires a lot of stapling, then you should invest in one of these.
An air sander beats an electric-operated version in many ways: it’s conveniently smaller and safer in flammable and combustible environment and is even equipped for heavy duty sanding work.
Air Impact Wrench
An air impact wrench is intended for delivering high torque output with only minimal exertion. One of the most compact tools available, it is more suitable when you’re working in confined spaces.
Air Ratchet Wrench
A manual ratchet does the job; however, an air ratchet wrench dramatically does everything faster and more efficient. Plus, it also allows you to fit into tighter spots where an air impact wrench can’t.
HYDRAULIC AUTOMOTIVE TOOLS
Scissor Jacks (mechanical)
This is an old-fashioned scissor jack, which is the cheapest and smallest option available. It comes with a handle to wind the arms apart, which then lifts the car up.
Position it under the jacking point and wind it clockwise until the car is lifted off the ground. To lower it back down, it is simply a case of winding the handle the other way.
The trolley jack is a safer, more stable and quicker option and is the choice of many professional mechanics. The wheels mean you can roll it into position easily, but before you do, start by making sure this little lever is turned to the right, which you can do using the end of the handle.
The bottle jack works in much the same way as a trolley jack, using hydraulic force to lift the car up. It has the bonus of being smaller and easier to store than a trolley, but this means it isn’t quite as stable.
Types of Car Lifts and Their Use
When in the garage, be it at home or the workplace, you appreciate the presence of tools and equipment to help you in your duties. One of the equipment you can invest in for a worthy auto working environment is the car lift. The car lift specializes in the vertical rise of the car from the ground. There are several types of car lifts, and they come in handy when you want to make repairs or make some inspections under your vehicle.
Four Post Lift
The four-post lift is easily the most popular and versatile car lifts that you can come across. It is suitable for both light and heavy automobiles owing to its sturdy structure. However, they come with weight limits that may restrict some heavier automobiles for safety purposes.
Two Post Lifts
The two post automotive lifts are other car elevators you can come across in the market. They feature more prominently in the autosport scene though you can have it in your garage. One benefit of this type of lift is the vast area of exposure presented when lifted. As such, it allows for proper auto tuning when working from under.
Scissors lifts are suitable options if you have a small space in your auto garage. It consists of two platforms superimposed over each other. Between them is a series of retractable levers that can extend in a zigzag manner to affect the lift. The action of the zigzagging bars lends it its name, the scissor lift
The portable car lift is one of the best designs in the market. It is a suitable option if you are a remote worker, going to several workstations to perform your automobile tuning duties. It has a simplistic design consisting of a lifting panel and supporting extensions.
Wheel alignment is an essential procedure in your car maintenance. It ensures that all the wheels have the right angles to prevent cases of slanting when the vehicle is on the road. The alignment lifts are the proper automobile elevators to bank on when you want to perform this wheel maintenance practice.
The alignment lift is quite sophisticated and takes a design almost similar to the four-post lift. It features a ramp for the entry of the automobile onto the lifting
Mobile Column Lifts
When talking of efficiency when it comes to automotive lifts, then the mobile column lifts take the lead. This type of lift comprises four or six independent columns, each with adjustable wheel forks to fit different wheel sizes.
The columns have arms or rather points of attachment meant to fit into the wheels before initiating the lift. It is advisable to go for uniform columns to curb issues such as tripping.
Parking lifts are another versatile car elevating equipment that you can have in your garage or workshop. The parking lifts maximize space by utilizing a vertical parking pattern atop a platform. This formation is space-savvy as compared to the traditional horizontal allocation that can only accommodate several cars.
The parking lifts take on various configurations, with some accommodating two vehicles. Others go the big way and can take up to ten cars or more stacked above each other. For example, if it is the two-car parking lift, the first car goes into the raising platform and gets elevated. The second car will now take the space left at the base. The same process replicates itself for multiple vehicles where it is a park and raises technique.
Instruction: Identify what is being asked in the following sentences.
Having the right automotive tools can make a significant difference in the efficiency and quality of the work being done. With the proper tools, tasks can be completed more quickly, accurately, and safely. This can save time and money, as well as ensure the safety and reliability of the vehicle.
It's important to invest in quality automotive tools that are appropriate for the job at hand. Cheaper tools may be tempting, but they may not last as long or work as well as higher-quality options. Additionally, it's essential to use tools properly and follow all safety guidelines to prevent injury or damage to the vehicle.
Automotive tools are a vital part of any car maintenance or repair project, and investing in quality tools and using them correctly can help ensure success and safety.
Credits to Sir. Glenn Sario
Submitted by: LORD JERICHO B. MANAOG
Submitted to: ANABELL SOLLANO