Figurative expressions (Idioms) with Ms A.Gray (217213472)


Today's lesson we will introduce and discuss figurative expressions, which also known as Idioms. Before we get into the definition of what figurative expressions are, lets discuss what is the meaning of literal.

What is the meaning of literal? Literal means the strict or actual sense of the matter, for example: The fledgelings have left the nest.

What is the meaning of figurative language? As the name implies, it makes use of figures of speech such as, comparisons, transference of ideas, exaggerations or contradictions. for example: Their children have left the nest to make lives of their own, this implying that their children have grown up and left home.

We will be reading and discussing different kinds of Idioms. Watch the video below, which explains idioms. 



Read the following Idioms and make sense of what figurative expressions are being displayed.


1. A bolt from the blue 

2. A chip off the old block

3. Add fuel to the fire

4. Bring the house down 


  • A sudden and unexpected occurrence
  • A son that closely resembles his father
  • Make matters that are already difficult, worse
  • Cause rapturous applause

Complete the following activity, make use of the video and notes to assist you.


Can you explain these phrases?

1. What does it mean to ride an emotional roller coaster?

2. How does a person feel who is on top of the world?

3. How does a person feel who is down in the dumps?

4. What kind of person do you think is a worrywart?


Please check if your answers are similar and make the necessary the corrections.


1. A situation or experience that makes you feel excited, happy, sad at the same time.

2. Feeling very happy, experiencing success and feelings of happiness. 

3. Feeling an overwhelming feeling of sadness, unhappiness.

4. To frequently dwell on difficulty or troubles.


If you have any questions regarding this activity, email me immediately. 


Thank you for attending the lesson today. I hope everyone understood the content, please feel free to email me with any questions regarding the topic we covered today. Our next lesson will consist of a bit more Idioms/figurative expressions and a slight introductions to parts of speech. 


Please complete the following activity for homework, it should be submitted to me via email before our next class (2 June 2021). 


Match the appropriate Idiom to its expression

1. Start from scratch

2. Turn over a new leaf

3. walk on air

4. Save it for a rainy day

5. On edge

6. Make ends meet


  • Be excited and happy 
  • Begin again, resolve to better
  • Live within one's income
  • Anxious
  • Save it for a time of need
  • Start from the beginning with no help or advantage

Lutrin, B. and Pincus, M., 2008. English handbook and study guide. Double Bay, N.S.W.: Bercelle Books, pp.56-57. 

Teacher Page

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