Leadership and Management


Goodmornining learners , Today we are starting a new topic that is called Leadership and Management ..Let's watch this 5 minutes video so that you may understand the important concepts of this topic. 



Date: 27 May 2021

Task 6

Marks: 24

Answer these following questions after watching the video that will follow. 

Question 1: Multiple Choice

 1.1. Which of the following is not a recognised leadership style?                                                                         (2)               

a. Bureaucratic style

b. Autocratic style

c. Democratic style

d. Narcissist style


1.2. Which of the following is a characteristic of a good leader?                                                                     (2)
a. Inspires people

b. Negative

c. Alcohol

d. Criticizes people.   


Question 2

2.1. Tabulate 5 differences between leadership and management.                                                                      (12) 

Question 3

1.Which leadership style do you prefer and why?                                  (6)




Term 2

Topic 5 :Management and leadership

Please watch this video learners so that you may understand the key concepts of Leadership and Management. After the video there are notes explaining everything that was said in the video. 

Effective leadership and effective management are needed for a business to be successful.

Let’s look at the characteristics of leadership and management.

1.1  Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent.


1.2  A leader should:

• be visionary, giving orders, inspire people and provide them with direction

 • Look for opportunities and encouraging change and innovation

 • Communicate effectively and have good listening skills

 • Motivate people and have good people skills

 • Set an example for others to follow • Encourage effective team work.

1.2. Management you previously learnt that the main tasks of a manager are planning, organising, leading and control.


 1.3. Differences between leadership and management

• Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, i.e.: a leader is the spearhead for that new direction

 • Management controls or directs people/resources in a group according to principles or values that have already been established. Leadership Management is about inspiring, helping, listening, developing and communicating. Managing through planning, organising, commanding, controlling and disciplining.


Leadership styles: There are many different leadership styles. We are going to focus on four.

2.1 Democratic/Participative style- This leadership style takes into consideration the needs and input of followers and encourages group involvement. This type of leader includes employees in decision making but has the authority to make the final decision. 2.2 Autocratic style -This leadership style involves telling employees what to do and how they should carry out their tasks without asking them for input or ideas. These leaders have all the authority and make all the decisions themselves. 2.3 Bureaucratic style -This leadership style involves relying on organisational rules and policies. 2.4 Laissez faire/delegate style- This leadership style involves telling employees what to do but giving them leeway to decide how to carry out their tasks.

3. Theories of management and leadership Leaders may have to change their approach and style from time to time. As such it is important for them to be aware of some of the different leadership theories.

3.1 The leader follower theory- This is a leadership theory that focuses on the interactions between leaders and followers. The interaction between leaders and followers helps to shape the success or failure of an organization. The very concept of a team-oriented workplace, commonality toward goals and a productive work environment stem from the leader-follower interaction.  3.2 Situational leadership -This involves using a combination of leadership styles to suit a particular situation. They are able to look at a situation and consider various factors, such as time limits, relationship with subordinates and the skills and capability of subordinates when choosing a particular leadership style. 3.3 Transitional and transformational leadership- This is where the leader inspires followers with a shared vision, and motivates and empowers them to do more than they would usually do or thought they could do. 3.4 Charismatic leadership- In many ways this is similar to transformational leaders, in that they are also enthusiastic and inspire and transform (change) the people they lead. They guide people by using charm and self-confidence and their personality attracts attention. 3.5 Transactional leadership -This approach is where the leader creates clear structures, roles and responsibilities so that subordinates know exactly what is expected of them and what rewards they will get for following orders. 3.6 Servant leadership -The servant leader focuses more on his followers than on him- or herself and argues that the most effective leaders are servants of their followers.






  Question 1 4  
  Question 2 12  
  Question 3 6  
  TOTAL 20


Marking guideline. 

Question 1

Write only the letter 


Question 2

Tabulate the differences


Question 3

Any relevant answer will be taken









Please learners study and understand the theories of management and leadership

Also the role of personal attitude in success of the leadership. 

Watch this video in preparation for our next class. 




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