Would you like to travel millions of miles to visit earth's next door neighbor? Get ready for our journey as we explore and learn about Mars.


As a scientist you will need to keep a journal of the different things that you have observed and explored. 

Have your teacher's template ready to answer questions as you explore.


Before beginning we need to learn some basic facts about our next door neighbor.

Please answer these questions in your journal using complete sentences.

What is Mars named after?

Which planet is bigger, Earth or Mars?

Who were the first people on Earth to discover Mars?

Humans have been very curious about Mars. We have been sending satellites and rovers to take pictures of and explore Mars for many years. Click on the link below to see some of our missions.

To explore the surface of Mars humans have been using rovers. Do you know what a rover is? Click here to find out

Take a look at some the pictures that have been taken from the Mars rover Curiosity!

We have the ability to see the surface of Mars using satellite images!

After seeing some of the pictures from the rover Curiosity and the satellite images please answer these questions in your journal.

How is the surface of Mars different from the surface of Earth? 

How is the surface of Mars similar to the surface of earth?

What important element is missing on Mars that all living things on Earth need to survive?

An important part of being a scientist is observation. In your journal draw a picture of the surface of Mars based on the pictures you have seen. Include a rover doing a special job.



Journal responses

4: Answers questions clearly. Writes in complete sentences without grammatical errors.  Creative and original thoughts.

3: Answers questions.  Has minor errors in sentence structure and grammar, but  they do not interfere with readability.  Some creativity.

2: Does not answer all questions.  Has quite a few sentence and grammatical errors.  Lacks originality.

1: Does not answer questions.  Errors are numerous and distract from readability.

Surface of Mars Observation Picture

4: Draws an accurate depiction of both the surface of Mars and rover based on examples.

3: Draws an accurate depiction of either the surface of Mars or the rover based on examples.

2: Draws a somewhat accurate depiction of either the surface of Mars or the rover based on examples.

1: Does not draw an accurate depiction of either the surface of Mars or the rover based on examples.



You did a great job! There are so many more planets to learn about and explore in our solar system. 

Congratulations on finishing this exploration of Mars.

Teacher Page

by Ethan Williams, Hozho Academy


This lesson was designed for 3rd graders learning about our solar system and outer space. This is a part of our Core Knowledge curriculum.