Are you aware that the food you eat, clothes you wear, medicines you take, air  you breath is MATTER? Well, those mentioned are called matter where it composed of the particles called atoms, molecules or ions. It is defined as anything that has mass and takes up space (it has volume). 

What is mass? Mass is the amount of matter in an object. You might have a small object with a lot of mass such as a statue made of lead (Pb). You might have a large object with very little mass such as a balloon filled with helium (He). You should also know there is a difference between mass and weight. Mass is a measure of the matter in an object while weight is a measure of gravity’s pull on an object.

What is volume? Volume is the amount of space something occupies. Words such as big, little, long, or short are used to describe volumes. A marble takes up a small volume while a star occupies a large volume. Different states of matter will fill volumes in different ways.




In a group of five members, please collect all of the objects or things surround you. Describe each of the collected objects and group it according to what state of matter its belong. You may also burn the sheet of paper and scramble then describe. After doing the activities, you have to make a realization on the topic we are going to discussed and you will able to know more about the matter including it’s state and what makes the state of matter.

Good Luck! Hope you enjoy!



So, matter is anything that occupy space and has mass. There are five states of matter 

Five States of Matter

Five States of Matter: Condensate, Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma

What makes a state of matter? It's all about the physical state and energy in the atoms and molecules. Think about solids. Physical properties of a solid often include "hard" and "brittle." Liquids are fluidy, move around a little, and fill up containers. Gases are always around you, but the molecules of a gas are much farther apart than the molecules in a liquid. If a gas has an odor, you’ll often be able to smell it before you can see it. The BEC is all about atoms that are closer and less energetic than atoms in a solid.

Changing States of Matter

Physical change of water into ice versus chemical change of hydrogen peroxide into water.

What is a physical change in matter? Molecules can move from one physical state to another (phase change) and not change their atomic structureOxygen (O2) gas has the same chemical properties as liquid oxygen. The liquid state is colder and denser (less energy), but the molecules are the same. Water (H2O) is another example. A water molecule is made up of two hydrogen (H) atoms and one oxygen (O) atom. It has the same molecular structure whether it is a gasliquid, or solid. Although its physical state may change because of different amounts of energy, its atomic structure remains the same. 

So what is a chemical change in matter? Let's start with that glass of pure water. If the formula of water were to change, that would be a chemical change. If you could add a second oxygen atom to a water (H2O) molecule, you would have hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The molecules would not be "water" anymore. In reality, there are a variety of steps that go into creating hydrogen peroxide from water. 


Fill in the blank

Durections: Fill the blank with correct answer and write it in a space provided before the number and it should be (CAPSLOCK).

_______1. What do you call Everything we see and composed of particles called atoms, molecules or ions?

_______2. This is can be poured and follow the shape of its container.

_______3. Give one example of gas.

_______4.  One of the state of matter which is hard and can’t be compressed.

_______5. It is a mass by gravity.


I hope we learned a lot about matter. Again, matter is everywhere and everything that surrounds us is matter including foods, medicines, air, clothes and many more. We cannot actually live without matter. Thus, matter has 4 states such as solid, liquid, gas and plasmas. Those state are actually determine by their properties and characteristics.