By the end of this activity, students should be able to learn and understand the following concepts and ideas:
-Scientists can use models to represent their understanding of a concept.
-The Moon does not make its own light; the sun illuminates the Moon.
-The sun illuminates the half of the Moon that is facing it, and the other half is dark.
-Light from the sun travels in straight lines.
-The appearance of the Moon changes when observed from Earth, even though half of the Moon is always illuminated by the sun.
Students will also be able to define the following key terms:
The NGSS standards used throughout this activity include:
-ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars: • Patterns of the apparent motion of the sun, the moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, predicted, and explained with models. (MS-ESS1-1)