Moon Phases


Hey KIPPsters! Welcome to the Moon! This assignment will help you take a trip to the moon in order to find and understand why our moon is illuminated and why it goes through phases. 

Read through each part, click on the links provided, and complete the exit ticket at the end to head back to Earth!

Please reach out if you have any questions or you notice something isn't working.


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Ms. Vallin



Part I: Click on the link to the website, read through the short article, and answer the review questions in your science notebook in order to learn about the moon and it's characteristics.


Review Questions:

  1. Why do we only see one side of the Moon from Earth?
  2. What are the Moon's terrae like in structure and rock type?
  3. How did the maria form?
  4. In what form is water found on the Moon? In what form is it not found on the Moon?


Part II:

Watch the video demonstration in the link below and in your science notebook explain how this model of the moon helps you understand the moon and why it goes through phases when being observed on Earth.



Part III:

Click on the link below to explore the moon simulation and notice what each moon phase looks like. Write down three observations in your science notebook to share with your group.



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Congratulations!! You've just finished the activities but you have one more task left to complete so that we can evaluate what you have learned.

Click on the link to complete the moon phase exit ticket assessment:


Extra Credit!

-Create a painting or drawing of every moon phase mentioned in one of the videos above. Be sure to label each phase correctly. Present your artwork in class for additional points!


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Teacher Page

By the end of this activity, students should be able to learn and understand the following concepts and ideas:

-Scientists can use models to represent their understanding of a concept.

-The Moon does not make its own light; the sun illuminates the Moon.

-The sun illuminates the half of the Moon that is facing it, and the other half is dark.

-Light from the sun travels in straight lines.

-The appearance of the Moon changes when observed from Earth, even though half of the Moon is always illuminated by the sun.


Students will also be able to define the following key terms:








The NGSS standards used throughout this activity include:

-ESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars: • Patterns of the apparent motion of the sun, the moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, predicted, and explained with models. (MS-ESS1-1)