Do you have Muslim friends? Have you ever visited to any of their iconic or holy places? Are you familiar with their teaching and practices? How about their beliefs? If the answers to those questions are yes, no or maybe, then let's go and explore the world of Muslims.


As we explore Muslim world, list down their holy places. Afterwards, select and draw a poster making to one of their beautiful places, it can be buildings or scenery and provide the location. Make a research about their teaching and practices including their beliefs.


        To finally start our expedition, grab a piece of paper and a pen/pencil. Take note of the relevant information from the subject matter as we explore the Muslim World.

      As we start to explore the Muslim World, let us first know the short story or the word,  Muslim.

      Muslims are people who follow or practice Islam, an Abrahamic monotheistic religion. The word "Muslim" derives from Arabic and means "submitter (to God). Muslims consider the Quran, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith).

         The beliefs of Muslims include: that God (Arabic: الله Allah) is eternal, transcendent and absolutely one (tawhid); that God is incomparable, self-sustaining and neither begets nor was begotten; that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed before through many prophets including Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Moses, and Jesus; that these previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time (tahrif) and that the Quran is the final unaltered revelation from God.

         As of 2015, 1.8 billion or about 24.1% of the world population are Muslims. By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, 91% in the Middle East–North Africa (MENA),81% in Central Asia, 65% in the Caucasus, 40% in Southeast Asia, 31% in South Asia,30% in Sub-Saharan Africa,25% in Asia and Oceania collectively, around 6% in Europe, and 1% in the Americas.

         Moving on, the five pillars are the core beliefs and practices of Islam:

1.Profession of Faith (shahada). The belief that "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God" is central to Islam. This phrase, written in Arabic, is often prominently featured in architecture and a range of objects, including the Qur'an, Islam's holy book of divine revelations. One becomes a Muslim by reciting this phrase with conviction.


2.Prayer (salat). Muslims pray facing Mecca five times a day: at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and after dark. Prayer includes a recitation of the opening chapter (sura) of the Qur'an, and is sometimes performed on a small rug or mat used expressly for this purpose. Muslims can pray individually at any location or together in a mosque, where a leader in prayer (imam) guides the congregation. Men gather in the mosque for the noonday prayer on Friday; women are welcome but not obliged to participate. After the prayer, a sermon focuses on a passage from the Qur'an, followed by prayers by the imam and a discussion of a particular religious topic.


3.Alms (zakat). In accordance with Islamic law, Muslims donate a fixed portion of their income to community members in need. Many rulers and wealthy Muslims build mosques, drinking fountains, hospitals, schools, and other institutions both as a religious duty and to secure the blessings associated with charity.


4. Fasting (sawm). During the daylight hours of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, all healthy adult Muslims are required to abstain from food and drink. Through this temporary deprivation, they renew their awareness of and gratitude for everything God has provided in their lives—including the Qur'an, which was first revealed during this month. During Ramadan they share the hunger and thirst of the needy as a reminder of the religious duty to help those less fortunate.


5. Pilgrimage (hajj). Every Muslim whose health and finances permit it must make at least one visit to the holy city of Mecca, in present-day Saudi Arabia. The Ka'ba, a cubical structure covered in black embroidered hangings, is at the center of the Haram Mosque in Mecca. Muslims believe that it is the house Abraham (Ibrahim in Arabic) built for God, and face in its direction (qibla) when they pray. Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, believers from all over the world have gathered around the Ka'ba in Mecca on the eighth and twelfth days of the final month of the Islamic calendar.

            Lastly,  the four holiest sites in Islam are the Kaaba inside the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as the holiest of the four, followed by Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem and the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus; these sites are accepted in this order by the overwhelming majority of Islamic sects which are all held in high esteem. The two holiest sites of Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia are directly mentioned or referred to in the Quran







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Great job! You just finish exploring the Muslim World, you already know about their four holiest site and their practices and beliefs. Now, keep that information and share it your friends and family, For more additional information regarding the Muslims, there are many books from the library and article from the internet.