Narrative Text



Narrative is an imaginary story that aims to entertain the reader. Of course, what is called an imaginary story is not necessarily true, it could be just an imagination or a fictitious story made by someone or a story made by a group of people that has not been proven true. Narrative examples are, Cinderella, Sangkurian, Snow White, Rabbit and Crocodile, etc. For a more detailed explanation, please read the following explanation. Narrative text is a story with complications or problematic events and tries to find a resolution to solve the problem. An important part of the narrative text is the narrative mode, a set of methods used to communicate the narrative through the narrative process.

The purpose of narrative text

Generally essays or narrative texts are made with the aim of entertaining the reader with an aesthetic experience through stories and stories, both fiction or non-fiction. In addition to providing an aesthetic experience, the purpose of narrative texts is: To provide insight to the reader.

Generic Structures of Narrative Text

- Orientation : Sets the scene: where and when the story happened and introduces the participants of the story: who and what is involved in the story.

- Complication : Tells the beginning of the problems which leads to the crisis (climax) of the main participants.

- Resolution : The problem (the crisis) is resolved, either in a happy ending or in a sad (tragic) ending.

Language Features of Narrative Text

Past tense (killed, drunk,etc) Adverb of time (Once upun a time, one day, etc) Time conjunction (when, then, suddenly, etc) Specific character. The character of the story is specific, not general. (Cinderella, Snow White, Alibaba, etc) Action verbs. A verb that shows an action. (killed, dug, walked, etc) Direct speech. It is to make the story lively. (Snow White said,”My name is Snow White). The direct speech uses present tense.

Example :

The Rabbit and the Turtle One day a rabbit was boasting about how fast he could run. He was laughing at the turtle for being so slow. Much to the rabbit’s surprise, the turtle challenged him to a race. The rabbit thought this was a good joke and accepted the challenge. The fox was to be the umpire of the race. As the race began, the rabbit raced way ahead of the turtle, just like everyone thought. The rabbit got to the halfway point and could not see the turtle anywhere. He was hot and tired and decided to stop and take a short nap. All this time the turtle kept walking step by step by step. He never quit no matter how hot or tired he got. He just kept going. However, the rabbit slept longer than he had thought and woke up. He could not see the turtle anywhere! He went at full-speed to the finish line but found the turtle there waiting for him.



Create a narrative text and determine the general structure of the text.



1. Ask students some names of folk tales or famous stories, both novels and short stories.

2. Provide a traditional story text such as Malin Kundang, Roro Jongrang, Bandung Bondowoso. Or foreign stories like Cinderella and Pinocchio.

3. Ask and answer about the story. Or provide pictures related to the story. Then give students easy oral questions.

4. Ask students in groups to work on tasks such as compiling stories or matching pictures with the content of the story.

5. Answering questions about the content of the story. This is how to teach English narrative texts. If it is not interesting enough, it can be modified as needed.




Grammar , Vocabulary , Comperehension

A = 80 - 100 : Amat baik

B = 70 - 79 : Baik

C = 60 : Cukup

D = 50 : Kurang



I hope this Narrative Text material with the Quest web method can be useful for you. Narrative text is very useful for students to practice reading and writing English, thus students can get a wider range of English vocabulary.

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This learning can be applied to grade 1 SMK / SMA students