The Philippine Constitution


A constitution, in a broad sense, is a framework of government. It is a fundamental law upon which the affairs of government are basically conducted. It is the highest law of the land upon which all other laws are anchored or based. Applied to the Philippines in particular, a constitution, in the words of Justice Malcolm, "is a written instrument by which the fundamental powers of government are established, limited and defined, and by which these powers are distributed among the several departments for their safe and useful exercise for the benefit of the people." A constitution is the fundamental law of the land. It may be a written instrument or a precise text or series of texts enacted at a given time by a sovereign power; or it may be the result of a series of legislative acts, ordinances, judicial decisions, precedents, and customs of diverse origin and of equal value and importance.


Your task is to answer/explain the following questions.
1. Characterize what a Constitution is.
2.  Distinguish and classify the kinds of Constitutions.
3.  Discuss the nature and purpose of a Constitution.
4.  Explain how a Constitution is implemented.
5.  Explain the difference between Constitution and statute.


Students are encouraged to read the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines to help them answer all the questions. A copy of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines may be viewed from



Students’ output will be graded based on a rubric below.

4 points- A complete response with a detailed explanation.
3 points- Good solid response with a clear explanation.
2 points- Explanation is unclear.
1 point- Misses key points.


This activity allows students to organize their thoughts regarding what they have read.