Poetry Lesson: Identifying Figures of Speech and Poetry Structure


Poetry is...

a form of writing where poets describe or share their thoughts using imagery, rhythm, rhyme, structure and sound words. Poems paint pictures in the readers’ minds so that they can imagine what the poet is imagining.

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In this lesson we will be applying the knowledge taught in the previous lesson and putting the skills into practice.


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Learners need to pair up with a partner of their choice and analyze and annotate the poem handed to them. They are required to identify the figures of speech and the external structure of the poem. 


Once the analysis is complete, learners are required to answer the questions based on the poem. You are allowed to do so in your pairs. 

Learners are allowed to consult the notes handed to them in the previous lesson if they get stuck. they may also consult the video below for further information.



Sonnet 18: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? – Greatest Poems


  1. What is the structure of a Shakespearean sonnet?
  2. What are the last two lines of a Shakespearean sonnet called?
  3. What is the number of the sonnet ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day’?

  4. Who has been referred to as ‘I’ in ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
  5. What does Shakespeare compare his friend to?

  6. What adjective does the poet use to describe the beauty of the friend?
  7. ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ – Does the speaker think that the comparison is proper and worthy?
  8. What shakes the darling buds of May?
  9. What is the simile in sonnet 18?
  10. What does ‘the eye of heaven’ refer to?

These are the answers to the poetry questions. Teacher will now check that learners have answered correctly.


  1. The Shakespearean sonnet consist of 14 lines of iambic pentameter ending in a couplet.
  2. The last two lines of a Shakespearean sonnet is called a couplet.
  3. Of the 154 sonnets in the Shakespearean sonnet sequence, the 18th sonnet is ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day.
  4. The poet William Shakespeare has been referred to as ‘I’ in ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day’.
  5. Shakespeare compares his friend to a summer’s day.
  6. The poet uses the adjectives, ‘lovely’ and ‘temperate’ to describe the beauty of the friend.
  7. The comparison is not proper to the poet because he thinks that the beauty of his friend is more lovely and temperate than the summer’s day.
  8. Rough winds shake the darling buds of May.
  9. The simile in sonnet 18 is ‘A summer’s day’.
  10. The eye of heaven refers to the sun in the poem.

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Congratulations on completing the task!

In preparation for the next lesson, learners need to read through/ study the notes provided to them as there will be a short quiz in a few days. 

The lesson has now ended.


Webquest Creator-

Name: Courtney Elliott 

Student number: 218001614



Sonnet Video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDpW1sHrBaU&t=603s

Poetry Questions and  Answers: https://youranswers.in/shall-i-compare-thee-wbhs-probable-questions-with-answers/

Teacher Page

B.ED SP/FET Fourth Year Education Student

Contact Email Address: 218001614elliottc@gmail.com