Swimming the Front Crawl


Swimming can be done as both a hobby or as a competitive sport to further your ability to do the sport. There are a variety of forms of swimming such as the butterfly stroke, breaststroke, backstroke and front crawl. The front crawl is the most common stroke of all in swimming and will be further explained.


To be able to accomplish the front crawl one should first know how to swim and should also have strong arms and legs. A swimming suit is advised. 


Create a streamlined body                                                                                                                                                                      Keep your body parallel to the water and create the flattest posture possible.   Your lower body also should be placed at a good level. If it is too low or too high, this will cause you to work harder and consume more energy.   For your lower body to be at a sufficient level, place your lower back just below the surface and try and hold a consistent position when swimming.   If your body remains in the same posture, you may find it a lot easier to focus and work on your arms and kicking technique.

Use the correct head position                                                                                                                                                                   The more streamlined you become, the faster you will be.   In order to remain streamlined in the front crawl, you need to keep your head still and in line with your body.  The water level should be between your eyebrows and hairline when you are moving.   With your head in the pool, keep looking down and forward. If your head is too low or high you will create more strain on your neck and will also make it harder for you to swim.

Ensure sufficient arm action                                                                                                                                                                    With front crawl, arms should always alternate and be continuous to maintain steady motion.   When each hand enters the water they should be placed between the center line of your head and shoulder line.   Be sure to look to see if you are bringing your arm up and over your head in the correct position, and if you‘re not then adjust accordingly.   Your hands should be pitched with the palms downwards, your elbows should be bent and placed slightly higher than your hand with each stroke.   When your hands enter, they should stretch out in front of yourself, before catching and pulling the water with a large paddle surface area of your hand. While doing this, push your hands towards the floor of the pool.

Related image

Master your leg kick                                                                                                                                                                                  Keep your feet and ankles as relaxed as possible for free-flowing motions, this will give you great results in your front crawl kick.   Kicking your legs alternatively from the hips, and not the knees as this would slow you down, with six kicks for each arm pull will help to balance your body.   At last, keep your legs close together, if they are far apart you’ll create even more drag and slow you down as well.

Image result for swimming front crawl form legs

Focus on your breathing                                                                                                                                                                        When mastering your technique consider all of the factors of which could make a positive difference to your overall performance.   How you use your arms, legs, head and core strength will have a great impact.   Breathing however, is also one of the basic, but also most important areas that will make a difference in your front crawl.   Once you are comfortable in your front crawl style, take some time to focus on your breathing.   Observe how you are currently breathing and attempt the following method.   You should be breathing to alternate sides during every third stroke.   To be able to take in the correct amount of air successfully, place your ear on your shoulder and your cheek on the water surface.   Doing this you won’t be taking in too much, or too little air before you resurface again.

The more focus and practice you put in to your front crawl and adjusting each step to better your posture and speed the better you will become. 

Related image


Common mistakes while doing the front crawl are often the head being too high and above the surface of the water which can make you neck sore and also slow you down. Bad breathe timing can also be an issue for many people as well, if this happens it becomes hard to hold your breathe for the strokes underwater. Students can be marked on accuracy as well as timing on their breathe combined with the leg kicks and arm strokes. 


There are many jobs and careers that involve the interesting sport of swimming. Life guarding, swimming instructor for one on one or entire teams, pool manager, marine biologist, marine mammal trainer which could include mammals such as dolphins, seals or whales, aquatic veterinarian, scuba diving instructor, underwater filmmaker, swimming photographer and much more. Swimming can be done in so many places and for a variety of reasons, and for whatever you may be swimming for I hope you have learned and will enjoy your swimming experiences.

Related imageRelated imageRelated image