Team sports (Basketball)



Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world. It is played with a ball and a hoop. It is a high energy team sport that relies on speed, agility and hand-eye coordination. In basic terms, the game is a competition between two teams to score the most baskets.

                                                                                                DID YOU KNOW?

Basketball was invented during the school year of 1891-92 at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts. Dr. James A. Naismith conceived the idea of attaching peach baskets at opposite ends of the gym on the track that encircled the playing floor. This is where the height of 10 feet for the basket was arrived at. Basketball derives its name from the original ball and basket used in the first games. The game was introduced in YMCA’s across America and also to foreign countries. Basketball became part of the Olympic Games in 1936.

BASKETBALL COURT: To understand basketball, it’s important to have an idea of the court’s layout.

According to FIBA (international basketball federation) guidelines, a basketball court is a rectangular playing area 28m in length and 15m in width.

                                                                                              Nature of the Game

Basketball is played by two teams of five players each. The object of the game is to score more points than your opponent. The ball is passed, thrown, bounced, batted, or rolled from one player to another. A player in possession of the ball must maintain contact with the floor with one foot (pivot foot), unless the player is shooting, passing, or dribbling. Physical contact with an opponent can result in a foul if the contact impedes the desired movement of the player.

                                                                                                BASIC SKILLS

  • DRIBBLING – the process of bringing or moving the ball place to place around the court using the finger pads to tap the ball. 
  • PASSING – an alternative way to move the ball around the court that is not comprised of the act of dribbling. There are three common passes in basketball.
  • SHOOTING – In order to score points in basketball, you need to shoot the ball into the hoop. This requires the ability to properly hold and throw the ball into the air toward the basket while avoiding defenders. A proper shot requires precise aiming, arm extension and lift from the legs. 
  • RUNNING – a big part of basketball. In a full-court game, you will find yourself running back and forth as the game quickly transitions between offense and defense. 
  • JUMPING – another skill that can define how good a basketball player is. Jumping is involved in offense during the jump ball in the beginning, while taking shots and sometimes while trying to catch a pass. On defensive you will need the ability to jump when trying to block a shot or a pass. Being able to out jump your opponent for a rebound also is important.

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Health benefits of basketball

Basketball involves a lot of starting and stopping. While not renowned as an aerobic sport, it is still a great workout that can help you:

  • burn calories (an hour of basketball can burn 630–750 calories)
  • build endurance
  • improve balance and coordination
  • develop concentration and self-discipline
  • build up muscle.

Other benefits of basketball

As well as being a great way to stay fit, basketball can also:

  • help you to make new friends and see them regularly teach you about being a good team player
  • be played by people of all ages and all abilities
  • be played all year round because it’s usually an indoor sport
  • be a fun game that kids of all levels and ages can enjoy
  • be practiced alone – all you need is a ball and a hoop (and you can find a hoop in most local parks and school grounds)
  • be played and enjoyed with as few as two people (although official games require 10 players).

At the end of the lesson, you are expected to Identify and demonstrate the fouls in basketball during our game entitle "Minute to name&do it". To attain this objective, you need to act like a real basketball referee breaking inside the court and familiarize yourself with the different fouls in basketball. From then on I will utilized this Picker wheel ( for fairness and the lucky name appeared on the wheel will Identify and demonstrate the given foul. You only have a minute to name it!

Watch the video given below, and we will start the game.

For those who who cannot afford the required level of internet connection for the above mentioned video, kindly check our group chat I sent images of different Fouls in Basketball.



Basketball is played by two teams who score points by throwing a ball into the opposing team's basket. The team who scores the most points are the winners.

Each team has a squad of 12 players to choose from. Five of those players are allowed on the court at any one time, with unlimited substitutions.Players can move the ball around the court by passing, tapping, throwing, rolling or dribbling.


The game consists of four quarters of 10 minutes each, with a 15-minute break at half-time. There are also two-minutes interval between the first and second periods, and between the third and fourth periods.If the game is tied after the fourth period, it continues with an extra period of five minutes, then as many five-minute periods as are necessary to break the tie.


The main officials include one referee and one umpire.

The court is divided between them and they swap places after each foul involving a free throw penalty, as well as after each jump ball decision. They use whistles and hand signals to make and explain their decisions. Each game begins with a jump ball or tip-off. The referee throws the ball into the air in the center circle and two opposing players leap up and try to tap it away. Each player is allowed two taps before the ball hits the ground, a basket, a backboard or another player.


Points are scored for shooting the basketball through the hoop. Two points for a goal inside the three-point semi-circle, and three points for goals scored from outside. Free throws, taken from the free-throw line and awarded after a foul, are worth one point.


Familiarize yourself on how to play basketball, try this game site for more exploration and to exercise your skills: 

Read other techniques from experts:  


Instructions. Answer the given question below

  1. How important it is to know the different fouls in playing basketball?
  2. Based on the readings, class discussion, and the video Hoop. What do you think is/are the health benefits that you could get on playing basketball?
  3. Does playing basketball, can improve your social life? In what way?
  • Kindly write your answers on any platform you want (e.g. MS World, Canva, piktochart etc.)

Your output will be graded using Criteria listed:

  • Organization 60 pts
  • Evidence of Insight/     10pts
  • Depth of reflection                  30 pts
  • Promptness of submission 10 pts

                                          Total: 100pts


Basketball is a great way for students to get active and have fun at the same time. Thanks to Dr. James Naismith who aimed to create a sport in which the competitive aspect of football was preserved while the injury rate decreased. Initially, he did just that, creating a game that could be played quite competitively indoors in the winter without the requirement that players hit each other every play. However, basketball has become much bigger than the game its self. Basketball has become a platform in which both young men and young women are equally encouraged to compete and fulfill their destiny as elite athletes. Various rule and regulation changes has allowed the game to adapt to a changing culture which has allowed the sport only to increase in popularity. This popularity is only growing more quickly as players are getting better and the future of basketball has never been more promising than it is today.

Books and academic sources can provide accurate and in depth information on the sport



Guide to Common Basketball Fouls and Violations:


Better Health Channel. (2020). Basketball - health benefits - Better Health Channel. Retrieved from

Drozynski, K. (2021). Pro Tips Guide to Common Basketball Fouls and Violations. Retrieved from

Springfield College. (2019). Where Basketball was Invented: The History of Basketball. Retrieved from:

User, S. (2021). Basketball Rules: How To Play Basketball | Rules of Sport. Retrieved from



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This WebQuest was created for TTL 2 by Allaiza C. Lingahan a dedicated BPEd student.