Types of Nouns

Introduction

What is a noun?

  • A noun is a word that functions as the name of a specific object or set of objects, such as living creatures, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas. However, a noun is not a semantic category, so that it cannot be characterized in terms of its meaning. 
  • noun is a part of speech that names a person, place, thing, idea, action or quality. All nouns can be classified into two groups of nouns: common or proper. Noun Examples. Proper nouns refer to the individual name of a person, place or thing.

Naming People
It could be a name of any person, for example: John, Fatima, Singh, Michael, Tom and so on.

Naming Places
It could be a name of any place, for example: America, China, Church, Taj Mahal, Paris and so on.

Naming Things
Naming things are like Car, Hat, Bottle, Table, Chair, Ball and so on.

Naming Animals
Dog, Rabbit, Elephant, Chicken, Horse.

Naming Feeling/Qualities/Ideas
Joy, Fear, Beauty, Strength, Anger.

Example SentencesDefinition of Nouns - Fun with English! Grade 3

  1. I live in Australia.
  2. Jenny is my sister.
  3. I love to play with my dog.
  4. The name of this monkey is Boo.
  5. Pacific Ocean is very vast.

 

Task

Identify the Nouns in the sentence. Underline the word in each sentence that modifies a Noun.

 

  1. Jeremy is walking. 
  2. Tr. Soriano is in a good mood today,
  3. John is gloomy all of a sudden.
  4. The dog is barking loudly. 
  5. Tomorrow we will fly to Singapore.
  6. The stray cat is hungry.
  7. Uncle Alec wants me to come tomorrow. 
  8. Roger won the marathon.
  9. The United States of America is my dream place. 
  10. Aira does not want me to eat her cookie.
Process

Let us first watch this: 


 

Types of Nouns

There are several types of nouns, and there can be an overlap across the categories. For example, there are common and proper nouns, and concrete and abstract nouns, yet some nouns are both concrete and common, or concrete and proper. It will become clear as you read on.

 Common nouns are the words that refer to most general things: country, evening, laughter, puppy, umbrella

Common noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • Cathy loves the weekends in the country.
  • We enjoy swimming after breakfast.
  • The cup fell and broke.

Proper nouns are the name that identifies someone or something, a person or a place. Proper nouns are capitalized. John is a proper noun, since the word John represents a particular, single example of a thing, John.

Proper noun examples: Mary, Jimmy, Aunt Audrey, Honda, Philadelphia

Proper noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • Emily loved spending time with her Aunt Nancy in Paris.
  • Buick and Jeep are two important carmakers.
  • We visited Lake Erie, which separates the United States and Canada.

Concrete nouns represent a thing that is real and tangible: pig, person, rock, smell, air, soup, Larry are all concrete nouns.

Concrete noun examples: cup, computer, diamond, rollercoaster, shampoo, Debby

Concrete noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • The person threw the rock across the yard.
  • My dog, Oreo, jumped in the air and caught the ball!
  • Can you smell the soup, John?

An abstract noun represents a thing that is more like a concept or idea: love, integrity, democracy, friendship, beauty, knowledge are examples of abstract nouns.

Abstract noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • Love and friendship are equally important.
  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
  • Your mind can know a million things.

Nouns can also be categorized as countable or uncountable.

countable noun is a thing can be numbered or counted: airplane, sock, bowl, noodle, teacher, as in two airplanes, three socks, 1000 noodles.

Countable noun examples: peach, horse, shirt, telescope

Countable noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • There are five dogs in the street.
  • I bought three tons of coal.
  • Margaret has six pairs of blue sandals.

Uncountable nouns can have a quantity or amount but cannot be actually counted: water, music, clothes, understanding. In the second example above, tons is a countable noun, but coal is not. Coal is referred to as an uncountable noun.

Uncountable noun examples: hate, confidence, attractiveness, wisdom

Uncountable noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • Love is in the air.
  • The four elements are airearth, fire and water.
  • Her humor knows no bounds.

Collective nouns refer to a group of people or things: audience, team, bunch, family, class. When speaking of collective nouns, Americans consider them as singular, using singular verbs with them, such as the group dances happily. When speaking British English, both singular verbs and plural verbs might be used, as in the group dance crazily before the Queen.

Collective noun examples: government, jury, team, bunch, school, class, and room (the people in the room or building)

Collective noun examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.

  • The team threw confetti when it was over.
  • Steve buys the band some sandwiches.
  • Meredith told the class she was getting married.

As mentioned above, when we talk of categories of nouns, some nouns can be described as being in more than one category. Some nouns are concrete and countable, for example, such as raindrops and wedding rings, while some are proper and uncountable, such as the Atlantic Ocean and Alaska.

 

Evaluation

 

Underline the nouns in the following sentences and write down on the underline before each number ifthey are common, proper, collective, concrete, collective or  abstract.

 

__________1. The angry mob pelted stones at the police.

__________2. Honesty is the best policy.

__________3. You must always speak the truth.

__________4. Julie is my youngest sister.

__________5. Solomon was famous for his wisdom.

__________6. Birds make their nests in trees.

__________7. A committee was appointed to study the situation.

__________8. Nelson is known for his victory at Trafalgar.

__________9. The boys were congratulated on their performance.

__________10. He gave me a bunch of grapes.

__________11. The children sang the national anthem.

__________12. He owns a fleet of cars.

__________13. The lion is the king of beasts.

__________14. Greenland is the largest island.

__________15. Thailand is a great country.

Conclusion

To sum up what we learned today, let us recap the kinds of nouns.

Common noun

A common noun is a noun that refers to people or things in general, e.g. boy, country, bridge, city, birth, day, happiness.

Proper noun

A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing, e.g. Steven, Africa, London, Monday. In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.

Concrete noun

A concrete noun is a noun that refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted. Examples include dog, building, coffee, tree, rain, beach, tune.

Abstract noun

An abstract noun is a noun that refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions - things that cannot be seen or touched and things that have no physical reality, e.g. truth, danger, happiness, time, friendship, humour.

Collective nouns

Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things, e.g. audience, family, government, team, jury. In American English, most collective nouns are treated as singular, with a singular verb:

Count and mass nouns

Nouns can be either countable or uncountable. Countable nouns (or count nouns) are those that refer to something that can be counted. Uncountable nouns (or mass nouns) do not typically refer to things that can be counted and so they do not regularly have a plural form.

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Teacher Page

By:

Soriano, Jade Alyssa C.

BSED-EN 3-1