- GET STARTED...
By reading the part “New Year’s Resolutions”
What words are new for you? Highlight them. Then classify the words according to their category: nouns, verbs, adjectives or adverbs. (if you do not remember what they are, visit this page:https://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/parts-of-speech.html)
Have at least, 10 words for each column.
Download the chart from here: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1D1BUF49aGmQwvzCE7mH_u6C2c6DDZTa8
2. HAVE A GENERAL PICTURE OF THE FIRST CHAPTER.
Go through the pages of the text.
Highlight and identify the titles, subtitles, words written in bold or italics, read the first paragraph; read the last sentences of other paragraphs; read the last paragraph.
Finally, answer these questions:
- What will this chapter be mostly about?
- Do you think Bridget is a young girl or and old lady?
- How do you think Bridget feels like: happy, sad, bored, excited, etc?
- what words do you consider as important?
NOTE: The instructions and questions above are part of an important reading strategy called skimming.
3. BEGIN WITH JANUARY 1ST
Read the first entrance of Bridget’s diary. Read all the text and do not stop if you come across with a word you do not recognize, just keep on reading. Then ask yourself:
- What is this passage mostly about?
In your own words, explain the answer in one short sentence.
Do not include details or examples from the text. Do not extend your idea beyond what is written in the text, even if you know a ton about the topic. It does not matter for this exercise.
Look for a sentence in the text that most closely fits with your brief summary.
NOTE: If the idea you found follows this model, it is called a stated idea.
BUT…What happens if you cannot figure out the main idea of what Bridget wrote?
- Read again the passage of text
- Ask this question to yourself: "What do each of the details of the passage have in common?"
- In your own words, find the common bond (relationship) among all the details of the passage and the author's point about this bond.
- Compose a short sentence stating the bond and what the author says about it.
- Once you've figured out what the common bond is among each of the items, you'll be able to summarize the passage in a snap.
NOTE: If the idea you found follows this model, it is called an implied idea.
In order to help you organize the details in a better way and find the main purpose of each entrance, use the “detective text” template not to dismiss any valuable piece of information that might guide you to the main idea.
CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD IT. https://education.nsw.gov.au/teaching-and-learning/student-assessment/smart-teaching-strategies/media/documents2/literacy/reading/activity-1-text-detective-word-scaffold.pdf
Is it too hard? DO NOT WORRY!
With a little bit of practice, you can master the techniques to extract main ideas of texts. Access to the links below so you can download different passages to work with before you read Bridget’s diary.
Bear in mind to apply the suggested strategies.
- What is the topic?
- What is the writer’s opinion about the topic?
On this site, you will find three more exercises to practice the main-idea strategies as well as its answers.