What makes literature and music work together?


Students will enter the classroom and see books and instruments displayed all around, there will be an introduction statement and question written on board.  You are a musician asked to work with an author of book, you are being asked to create piece of music that goes along with the book. What do you ask yourself?  How does music support literature? When was music 1st integrated with books?

This week we will be focusing on music and books discussing each aspect daily: characters, action, mood, and genre. There will be a test on Friday to let me know what you learned during the week. The lesson will teach about music and reading, how they are combined, why the combination makes a difference in literature, and how students can use this reading comprehending books.



Today you will create a piece that will be used with a book, the final product will be expected to show the creativity and, the opportunity to learn the importance of collaborating music and books as a learning concept. You will be using your voice, books, graphics organizer and instruments to complete the individual activity. In the end students can use technology to display their product. It can be published on YouTube, Instagram, tik tok, and saved on a class Pinterest page to share with others or view at a later time.

  • TSW learn how and why music and literature go together
  • TSW create music to a book vocally or/and in instrumentally
  • TSW play an instrument
  • TSW learn vocabulary about music and literature
  • TSW use higher order thinking about literature
  1. Introduce the lesson by using a hook, ask questions, Who likes music? Who likes music and books? Who can play an instrument? If so, what is it. How do you think music associates with books? Why do we use music and literature?
  2. Prepare the focus to the media interaction, videos, segments and websites. Introduce all and tell them what they are about to see and how it goes with the lesson.
  3. Student will watch videos, Story with instruments for kids: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CETlTvLJVfA and the Reading of Pete the Cat: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fj_z6zGQVyM that shows example of music and literature via vocal or instrument.  Next, they will choose which direction they want to create in when adding music to a book.
  4. Next the student will view segments, Kendrick Lamar visits Mr. Mooney’s Class: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dZTKOBElkyg and How writing music and literature are similar: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lfORKFr1J8A explaining  how music is used in books for moods., characters, action and genre. These types of media help them decide what aspect they want to focus on their individual project.
  5. There will be resources provided to gear the student to the right book, they can use the websites Goodreads or Scholastic, as well as, use the printed list given in class. Children’s Music Books: https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/childrens-music and Scholastic: https://www.scholastic.com/parents/books-and-reading/raise-a-reader-blog/8-books-kids-who-love-music.html.
  6. The next step requires viewing of  videos,  Using Music for Literary y Analysis: https://www.thedaringenglishteacher.com/2019/11/using-music-for-literary-analysis.html and 8 Ways to use Music in the Language Arts Class: https://www.edutopia.org/blog/using-music-strategies-language-arts-classroom-heather-wolpert-gawron showing how to link reading and music with vocal and instruments. After watching students can finalize how they are going to make their creation fun.
  7. When done viewing websites, videos and segments. Discussion with students about the connection in music and literature will take place. What makes literature important? Using music helps us to comprehend and learn what we are reading about.
  8. Discuss how important it is to have music in literature. It helps provide imagination to a story. It can tell what action a character is doing in a story. Also, music can help with a description of a character such as good and evil. A handout of a graphic organizers will be distributed before students are divided into groups for group work.
  9. Students will be broken into groups using the jigsaw comprehension strategy. They will be sorted into home groups first to discuss the topic music and literature.  Next the students will be sorted into expert groups-based character, mood, genre, and action to gather information to take back to the home group. Once back at the home group each one has piece that can fit together and complete the graphic organizer by discussing what they learned from the other groups.
  10. After spending the 2nd round with the home group, student will be asked to come to class discussion no notes just verbal ideas and comments. I will make sure to ask all possible questions, because students may or may not have thought of everything according to the   topic.
  11. Individual work is the next activity which allows students to use what learned from the media sources and group work to create a song to collaborate with a book of choice.
  12. After creations have been completed, demonstration of products can be displayed in a show and tell fashion.



There will be a variety of assessment, observation by the teacher during group session will let her know if the students are understanding the lesson, if not they are using peers for clarity.  Also, the students will complete an individual assignment and complete a self-reflection to be turned in with final creation.  A graphic organizer is going to be completed in group sessions, providing the teacher with results of working with others and gathering information is a good way to learn something new.

A rubric will be used to grade students on each part of the lesson on scale of 0 to 5, where 0 is the lowest, overall scoring is measured:

  • Exceeding standards               4 and up
  • Meeting standards                  1-3
  • Below standards                     1 and below
Scoring 0 1 2 3 4 5
Logic and understanding: Objectives are met by student and understanding of facts and concepts of music and literature collaborated is clearly demonstrated.            
Organization: Project is organized in in understandable way to complete creation, supplies are used properly.            
Content: All relevant  concept of music and literature are included and correct.  All vocabulary are used in creation. Objectives are met by student.            
Literature: Student  was able to discuss content of literature chosen in regards to creation.            
Music: Final product was written or  composed in an creative manner with musical style and/o voice usage.            
Presentation: Project is neat, clearly understood and completed to directions, legible, has no spelling errors.            
Critical thinking: Is displayed in rich in content, insightful analysis, clear connections with thoughts.            
Self reflection: Students statement made a clear connection between the final product and  the lesson.            

There will be reflection by the students and summary by the teacher.  Encouragement to students to think of ways to things differently to improve the lesson. Review of objectives will let me know if they were met by the student.  As a group we will go over new vocabulary learned and make sure there are no questions that need clarity. 

The self-reflection will be completed by each student on their own creation. They will give details to questions:

  1. How was it created?
  2. What method did you choose and why?
  3. Does music and literature work together? Why or why not?
  4. Tell us something like about your creation.
  5. If you had to improve your creation what would it be?
  6. My creation has taught me________________________.






  • Computer connected to smartboard so students can view videos and segments. This is used to write notes for students to help guide them.
  • Instruments (2 sets)
  • Book list sorted by genre and mood.
  • Teachers notes
  • Rubric to score lesson for each student


  • Computer /tablet to have access to websites to complete project.
  • Journal to take notes
  • Pen/Pencil
  • Graphic organizer
  • Copy of rubric
  • Book list



Example of vocals and reading: Reading of Pete the Cat: I Love My White Shoes


White Board Entertainment Studios



Example of instrument and reading: Story with instruments for kids


Hands and Stories




Speaker: Educator on literature and music: Kendrick Lamar visits Mr. Mooney’s Class


NPR Music



Speaker: Expert on literature and music: How writing music and literature

are similar


Ted talk by Hank Shea




Examples of books used with music: Children’s Music Books: Goodreads


Goodreads Inc.



Examples of books used with music:  Scholastic.com


Scholastic Inc.



How to link music and books: Using music for Literary Analysis


The Daring English Teacher



How to link singing and books: 8 Ways to use music in the Language Arts classroom


George Lucas Educational Foundation



Books (reading center)

Print resources (graphic organizer)


Lesson plan

Teacher Page






Music Composition

Vocal music

Activity types:

Cooperative learning and unit plans